The crucial problem of blood transfusion services in the Kyrgyz Republic is the lack of a systematic approach for the provision of safe blood transfusions. Blood is usually donated by family members or paid donors, even though the latter are known to have an above-average probability of being infected with HIV, Hepatitis and other infectious diseases. To tackle this problem, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic established a State Programme for the Development of the Blood (Transfusion) Service which aims at:
- Reviewing the policy in the field of blood transfusion services;
- Increasing the number of voluntary blood donors;
- Improving infrastructure and technical know-how in blood transfusion services;
- Assuring blood and blood product quality and safety and a rational use of blood, blood components and related medication;
- Increasing the efficiency of the blood transfusion system’s organisation.
The purpose of the "HIV/AIDS Prevention Programme II – Safe Blood Transfusion" is to improve the quality and safety of blood transfusions and to increase the efficiency of the blood transfusion system through standardisation of processes and procedures including donation, testing, storage, distribution and clinical application of blood and blood products.
To improve service quality within the blood transfusion system, the programme provided funds for the rehabilitation of infrastructure, for the procurement of equipment and consumables, for training of clinical and technical staff and for technical assistance to the MoH in order to support the reform of the transfusion system. A particular focus was put on quality management and the rationalisation of service delivery.
The Consultant supports the MoH in the following areas:
Rehabilitation of seven National and Oblast blood banks;
Procurement and installation of medical and non-medical equipment, including e.g. cooling and storage equipment for the blood banks;
Procurement of mobile donation units and transport equipment;
Procurement of consumables for test systems;
Training and coaching of blood bank staff in quality management, introduction of a quality assurance system with Standard Operating Procedures for ensuring safe blood collection, safe blood product production and a rational and correct clinical use of blood products;
Organisation of a study tour to German services for blood bank staff.