The Oyu Tolgoi (OT) mine is a combined open pit and underground mining project in Khanbogd sum within the south Gobi Desert. The site was discovered in 2001 and is being developed as a joint venture between Ivanhoe Mines, Rio Tinto and the Government of Mongolia. The mine is under construction as of 2010 and scheduled to begin production in 2013. The Oyu Tolgoi mining project is the largest financial undertaking in Mongolia's history and is expected upon completion to account for more than 30% of the country's gross domestic product. Copper production is expected to reach 450,000 tonnes annually. Financing for the project has come in part from the Rio Tinto Group and an investment agreement between Ivanhoe Mines and the government of Mongolia. OT has created a vision for an innovative and far-reaching Community Health, Safety & Security Program (CHSSP).
Thedesign of this program was implemented by the Khukh Tenger Khugjil Konsortsium. The Konsortsium was made up of Pact Institute (USA), Public Health Institute (Mongolia), Foundation for Health Policy Promotion (Mongolia), the Mongolian Centre for Development Studies (Mongolia), JTA International (JTA) (Australia) and EPOS Health Management (Germany). The goal of this consultancy was to carry out preparatory measures and to design a comprehensive CHSSP that is fully integrated with the OT’s wider Community Relations and Sustainable Development (CRSD) initiatives and government and other programs.
The Konsortsium achieved this goal through the following activities:
In the first phase, a gap analysis, health impact assessment (HIA), and baseline study were completed to inform the development of a CHSSP.
In the second phase, a long term CHSSP framework and implementation plan in collaboration with the CRSD team was developed.
The consultancy was conducted in an inclusive and participatory manner that established Mongolian ownership from the inception stage of the CHSSP. The eight month needs assessment consultancy proposed a ten year CHSSP design. This CHSSP design has the objective of minimizing and mitigating health, safety, and security impacts of OT operations and to measurably improve service delivery, capacity, and indicators in the target area, and complement and build upon existing OT activities and standards.